[대학 및 학회] 東京大學 東洋文化硏究所 (일본)
김영재 2003-09-15 (월) 16:27 16년전 790
Since its establishment in 1941, the Institute of Oriental Culture has grown into one of the most distinguished centers of Asian studies in Japan. During its first two decades, the Institute mainly focused on the politics, economy, history, and culture in East Asia, especially China. Since the early 1970s, it has expanded the domain of its research beyond China and included South (including Southeast) and West (including Central) Asia. Today the Institute is organized by the Department of Pan Asian Studies, conducting disciplinary research, and the Departments of East Asian Studies, South Asian Studies, and West Asian Studies. The research staff is composed of scholars specializing in the various disciplines in the humanities and social sciences. Each of them specializes in a different region in Asia.
The Research and Information Center for Asian Studies was affiliated with the Institute in 1999, replacing the Documentation Center, which was established in 1966.
The Institute has one of the best and largest libraries of Asian studies in Japan. Especially, its collection of Chinese books is internationally well known, and many foreign researchers come to utilize the library's books and other materials.
Research Activities and Future Plans
The Institute has continuously emphasized interdisciplinary research combining analyses of documentary materials and field surveys. Since the 1950s, Institute faculty members have initiated various kinds of field surveys in many parts of Asia. The Iran-Iraq Archaeological expeditions, the mission for Indian History and Archaeology, and collections of Chinese paintings are representative examples of such activities. Currently almost all of the faculty members are engaged in various kinds of field surveys throughout Asia. Through the implementation of these field surveys and research, the Institute has deepened its contacts with scholars in the different regions of Asia. Based upon this kind of deepened networks, the Institute has established international academic exchange agreements with many institutions in Asia, such as Fudan University (China), the Center of Asian Studies at the University of Hong Kong, and Department of Sociology at the National University of Singapore. The Institute now carries out international joint research projects within the framework of these academic exchange agreements.
Each faculty member of the Institute has carried out individual research in his or her own research area, as well as organized joint research programs. The Institute has been organizing three long-term research projects with the aim of further deepening and widening its research activities. The first, entitled "The Islamic Challenge," is an investigation of the political, social, and economic changes which the Islamic world is rapidly undergoing today. The second, "Drastic Changes in China," is a study of the dramatic transformation taking place in China, with special emphasis on its effects on the rest of Asia. The third project, entitled "Intercourse in the Bengal Bay World," is a study of the socioeconomic and cultural transformation and the regional intercourse between the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
The Institute has now started to strengthen its organizational capability of collecting and disseminating valuable information regarding Asian studies around the world, mainly through the Research and Information Center for Asian Studies(RICAS). It is also planning to establish research stations, with the aim of strengthening the academic networks in East, Southeast, South, and West Asia.